California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle) 

LEA and Facility Operator Training:  Illegal Dumping Training Workshops, November 2000 - January 2001

Cleanup, Prevention, and Maintenance

There are several ways to fund a clean up project. For example:

  • State grants
  • Local funding
  • Owner/operator funded
  • Volunteer programs

Cleanup:  CIWMB Funding

Waste Tire Stabilization and Abatement Program

  • Status of program
    • Removed 11.2 million tires
    • Remediated 28 sites
  • Eligibility
    • Substantial pollution, nuisance, or injury to public health and safety
    • Referred by enforcement or legal staff
    • Board approval
  • Board-managed cleanup which involves:
    • Obtaining property access
    • The contractor develops a work plan
    • Site cleanup
    • Cost recovery

Local Government Waste Tire Cleanup Matching Grant Program

  • Eligibility
  • Local agencies
    • Local enforcement agency (LEA)
    • Public works
    • Code enforcement
    • Fire district
    • Police department
  • Waste tire piles > 500 waste tires
  • Current program
  • $50,000/site
  • $200,000/jurisdiction

Solid Waste Cleanup Program

  • Enacted October 1993, initiated January 1994
  • Cleanup of illegal solid waste disposal sites/codisposal sites
  • Majority money used for cleanup
  • Low administration or investigation cost
  • The Board has approved 129 sites
  • Remediated 100 sites
  • Spent over $30 million to protect public health and safety and the environment

Site eligibility

  • Solid waste disposal site, codisposal site, or illegal disposal site
  • To protect public health and safety or the environment
  • Responsible party:
    • Cannot be identified, or
    • Unable or unwilling to pay (timely)

Eligible work

  • Waste removal and disposal
  • Barrier layers, covers, grading
  • Slope stabilization
  • Gas and leachate control systems
  • Erosion control
  • Drainage systems
  • Fencing and signage
  • Engineering design/inspection

Ineligible work

  • Closure of a landfill under Article 7.8
  • Closure/postclosure maintenance plans
  • Groundwater remediation
  • O&M for leachate, surface water, gas
  • Postclosure property improvements

Prioritization

  • Risk to public health and safety and environment
  • Ability for owner/responsible party (RP) to pay
  • Ability to do an adequate cleanup
  • In-kind service
  • Other funding
  • Ability to obtain site access

Funding mechanisms

  • Board-managed cleanups
  • Illegal disposal site grants
  • Matching grants
  • Local government loans

Board-managed cleanup

  • Engineering services
    • Site investigation
    • Plans/specifications
    • Construction management
  • Remediation contractors
    • Site cleanup

Grants

  • Illegal disposal site grants
    • Public entity
    • Illegal disposal site remedial actions
    • $500,000 maximum
  • Matching grants
    • Public entity
    • Solid waste disposal sites
    • $750,000 maximum per site

Loans

  • Local governments
  • Interest rate tied to Surplus Money Investment Fund
  • 20 year term
  • $1,000,000 maximum

How the process works?

  • Enforcement
  • Local agency request assistance
  • Site visit and assessment
  • Public health and safety threat identified
  • Owner ID or unwilling to pay
  • Funds available
  • Determine what kind of funding
  • Board approval
  • Project
  • Cost recovery

Farm & Ranch Solid Waste Cleanup & Abatement Program 

  • Enacted by SB1330 (Lockyer)
  • Cleanup of illegal solid waste sites on farm or ranch property

Who's eligible?

  • Cities or counties
    • LEAs
    • Public works departments
    • Code enforcement agencies
  • $10,000/site
  • $50,000/jurisdiction
  • Continuous application

Site eligibility

  • Unauthorized dumping
  • Property zoned for agricultural activities
  • Needed to protect public health and safety or the environment or abate a nuisance

Eligible work

  • Waste removal and disposal
  • Slope stabilization
  • Recycling
  • Drainage control improvement
  • Security measures
  • Public education

Ineligible w

  • Closure activities
  • Groundwater remediation
  • O&M for leachate systems
  • Extinguishing underground fires
  • Any cleanup where the property owner is determined to be responsible for dumping

Status

  • The Board has awarded 17 grants
  • Remediated 72 sites
  • $380,000 in funds used
  • $1 million available

How the process works

  • Local agency determines eligibility of site(s)
  • Local agency writes application
  • Obtains resolution
  • Submits grant to Board
  • Board approval
  • Grant agreement
  • Project
  • Final report

What in an application?

  • Application form
  • Resolution
  • General grant information site
  • Characterization form
  • Vicinity map
  • Land use
  • Owner responsibility
  • Work plan/cost estimate

Cleanup Concerns

Considerations when managing a cleanup

  • Work plans
    • Health and safety
    • Recycling
  • Budget
  • Using volunteers
  • Handling procedures for special waste

Preparing a work plan--why it’s important?

  • Accurate cost estimates/bids
  • Guidance for cleanup
  • Helps control costs
  • Reduces chance of delays and other problems

Elements of a work plan

  • Site description
  • Mobilization/job preparation
  • Health and safety plan
  • Cleanup activities
  • Final site work

Site description

  • Location
  • History and nature of the problem
  • Types and quantities of material
  • Access, utility and road information
  • Anticipated condition of site after cleanup

Mobilization/job preparation

  • Operational base
  • Sanitary facilities
  • Utilities
  • Traffic control
  • Permits
  • Equipment/labor 

Health and safety plan

  • Health and safety (H&S) plan (certified industrial hygienist)
  • Properly trained personnel
  • Briefings on health and safety requirements
  • Contractors IIPP
  • Worker hazards and prevention
  • Physical hazards
    • Noise
    • Airborne particulates (dusts, mists)
    • Chemical hazards
    • Biological hazard
    • Site control measures
    • Confining hazardous material release 

Cleanup

Cleanup activities

  • Removal and segregate
  • Disposal and recycling
  • Load and hauling
  • Include environmental controls 

Work Plan

Elements of a work plan

  • Site description
  • Mobilization/job preparation
  • Health and safety plan
  • Cleanup activities
  • Final site work

Considerations During Cleanup

Removal of material

  • Types and quantities of waste
  • Potential facilities
  • Potential reuse
  • Equipment, labor 

Preparation for disposal and recycling

  • Identify areas for: 
    • storage of segregated wastes 
    • loading of materials,
    • weighing haul trucks
  • Prepare materials for:
    • re-use
    • recycling
    • consolidation
      • Example: chipping, shredding, compacting

Transportation

  • Size and type of trucks
  • Identify disposal/reuse/recycling facilities
  • Identify methods of measurement for payment
  • Identify sources of imported materials and haul equipment
  • Identify procedures traffic control

Final site work and demobilization

  • Equipment, labor and materials
  • Final site work
  • Removal of contractor's equipment, plant, and materials
  • Describe work required for final inspection

When managing a cleanup

  • Work plans
    • Health and safety
    • Recycling
  • Budget
  • Handling procedures for special waste

Example Budgets

Cleanup costs vary:

Example of a Solid Waste Cleanup Program cleanup of 900 cubic yards (3 week project)

  • Loader--$2,200.00/week (wk)
  • Water Truck--$900.00/wk
  • Excavator--$2,200.00/wk
  • Disposal(900 CY)--$9.00/cubic yard (CY)
  • Trucking(160 hours)--$65.00/hour (hr)
  • Equipment Operator (286 hours)--$80.00/hr
  • Labor(282)--$45–75.00/hr
  • Total project cost-- $125,000

Example of a Farm and Ranch Solid Waste Cleanup Program cleanup of 284 Cubic yards (3 week project)

  • Backhoe--$4660.00
  • Disposal(284 CY)--$11.00/CY
  • Trucking(160 hours)--$65.00/Hr
  • Labor(224 hrs)--$2700.00
  • Safety Equipment--$20.00
  • Fencing and Signs-- $650.00
  • Total project cost-- $12,200

Cleanup Concerns: Volunteer

Examples:

  • Prison crews (State and county)
  • Conservation crews
  • School or nonprofit organizations
  • Takes greater preparation
  • Greater health and safety risks
  • Sheriff volunteers
    • Surveillance
    • Hotlines

Handling Procedures

Hazardous waste

  • Considerations
    • Segregation
    • Testing
    • Loading and transport
  • Temporary generator US EPA numbers
    • 1-800-618-6942
  • Hazardous waste tax account number
    • 916-323-9555
  • Manifesting

Metallic discards

  • No metallic discard in the landfill
  • Hazards must be removed prior transport

    More information:

    Processing discarded vehicles

    • After processing vehicle ID number through Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV)
      • Crushing on site, or
      • Transport to
        • DMV-licensed vehicle dismantling yard 
        • Other than a licensed dismantling yard.
        • Transport and dispose by county-operated discarded vehicle program

    Processing discarded appliances

    • Remove materials that require special handling on site
    • Transport to a recycling facility
    • Transport to a permitted solid waste disposal facility
    • For your records
      • Quantity and type of metallic discards
      • Processing options used
      • Facilities used
      • Hazardous waste manifests
      • Certifications and other documents to support the summaries

    Illegal Dumping Prevention

    Support from local officials

    Ordinances

    • Mandatory collection
    • Illegal dumping penalties
    • Commercial dumping

    Public awareness and education

    • Hotlines
    • Poster contests
    • New articles and brochures
    • Commercial business
    • Cleanup days
    • Adopt an area

    Good enforcement

    • Reward programs (witness)
    • Illegal dumping task forces
    • Use of mail as evidence
      • Warning letters
    • Additional resources ($$$)
    • Fines

    Cooperation

    • Authorities, communities, and industries
    • Police
    • Health departments
    • Public works
    • Sanitation departments

    Maintenance

    • Barriers
    • Signs
    • Lighting
    • Surveillance
    • Patrolling of chronic dumping areas
    • Reduction of attractive nuisances

    Conclusions

    • Possibilities are open for continued partnership in remediating sites

    Agenda |  Illegal Dumping Training

Last updated: January 10, 2005
LEA Training, http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/LEA/Training/
Martin Perez: Martin.Perez@calrecycle.ca.gov (916) 323-0834