California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle) 

LEA and Facility Operator Training

Results: 2005 Training Needs Survey

52 responses were received.

Responses tallied in order of highest priority (i.e. 2, 4, 6 = 12 where 2 is the number of responses for the highest priority, 4 is the number for the second highest priority, 6 is the number for the third highest priority and 12 is the total number of responses.

The top vote-getters in each category are highlighted in yellow.

Permitting

Topic Votes
A. The solid waste facility permit process and time frames 11, 1, 3 = 15
B. Reviewing application packages for completeness/correctness 10, 10, 4 = 24
C. Reviewing reports of facility information (e.g., joint technical documents, reports of disposal site information, transfer/processing reports) for 1) initial review and 2) amendment and processing review 12, 11, 7 = 30
D. Permit consistency with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) 5, 9, 5 = 19
E. Financial assurances/operating liability 1, 1, 1 = 3
F. Conformance findings - county integrated waste management plans 0, 2, 2 = 4
G. Writing permits 2, 4, 3 = 9
H. The process of reviewing and preparing permit packages for Board submittal by Board staff 3, 3, 4 = 10
I. Completing five-year permit review reports 4, 2, 7 = 13
J. Processing/issuing tiered permits 0, 3, 4 = 7
K. Granting emergency waiver of standards (14 CCR, Art. 3, Section 17210, et seq.) and temporary waiver of terms (14 CCR, Art. 3.5, Sec. 18304, et seq.) 0, 1, 8 = 9
L. AB 1497 public hearing and CDI medium volume public hearings. 3, 4, 2 = 9

Comments

  • Within M: final closure and postclosure training i.e. inspection, drafting of plans, amendments, cost estimates, etc.
  • Within G: the use of conditions to achieve the desired behavior of the operator. Also, how the SWFP can be used to enhance landfill gas monitoring requirements of T27.
  • Choice topic A is a good one to offer again, in case folks missed it the first go round. Also we have a few new employees that would benefit.
  • The recent training on this issue was excellent. But CEQA is still, and may always be, a sticky issue that needs lots of attention. Also, particular attention needs to be paid to C&D facility permitting.
  • Hints, tips, and rules-of-thumb for writing a clear, enforceable permit that is consistent with CEQA and other documents, addresses past problems, and prevents future misunderstandings.
  • All items have importance and should be incorporated in all permitting training in some way.

Inspections

Topic Votes
A. Landfill inspections 6, 2, 6 = 14
B. Transfer/processing operations/facility inspections 8, 5, 6 = 19
C. Composting operations/facilities inspections 3, 5, 8 = 16
D. Closed facility/site inspections 8, 2, 5 = 15
E. Solid waste facility inspections with a focus on CIWMB-LEA consistency--compliance vs. violation vs. area of concern 18, 10, 8 = 36
F. Solid waste facility inspections with a focus on gaining compliance - educating/ interacting with the operator and employees 0, 8, 1 = 9
G. How to fill out an inspection report 0, 0, 2 = 2
H. What to look for when inspecting operator records 1, 12, 8 = 21
I. CDI inspections-processing/disposal 7, 6, 6 = 19

Comments

  • Greater understanding of the inspection process for landfill gas systems.
  • Estimating pile volumes should be taught and practiced in field training exercise. How to inspect and review record keeping practices and the "theory" or purpose behind the records that are required to be kept by operator. The value, if any, for pathogen.
  • What is an area of concern and how should it be used?
  • How to deal with old closed sites.

Enforcement

Topic Votes
A. Enforcement actions and follow-up 9, 4, 8 = 21
B. Writing and enforcing notice and orders and interacting with legal (county/city counsel, DA's etc.) 13, 12, 6 = 21
C. Processes involved for hearing panels and hearing officers 7, 6, 5 = 18
D. Investigative techniques and how to involve other agencies (e.g., Code Enforcement, Fish and Game, Regional Boards, etc.) in investigation and prosecution 10, 7, 6 = 23
E. Evidence collection and case file preparation 3, 6, 4 = 13
F. Administrative civil penalties and fines 3, 7, 10 = 20
G. Enforcement actions for permit violations 4, 7, 8 = 19

Comments

  • A two-day training with a great level of detail, set-up like the permits A-Z training. How enforcement can be used to improve a landfill gas problem site.
  • Emphasis should be placed on avoiding use of the hearing panel. Also, "outside the box" enforcement tools such as settlement agreements. How to enforce an OIMP! or at least make good use of it.
  • Since an inspection report and notice of violation is not enforceable, at what point should the LEA write an N&O?
  • Actually #3 is a tie between D & G

CEQA

Topic Votes
A. Overview of the CEQA process 10, 4, 7 = 21
B. Understanding the relationship between the environmental document and the solid waste facility permit 15, 13, 8 = 36
C. When to use a categorical exemption or addendum 7, 10, 4 = 21
D. Coordinating with planning departments and other agencies 4, 8, 10 = 22
E. The roles and responsibilities of the LEA and the CIWMB in the CEQA process 11, 11, 16 = 38

Comments

  • The overview must be very detailed and related first to landfills then to other SW regulated types.
  • Which mitigation measures go in the permit? How closely should the LEA as responsible agency look at impacts that are the jurisdiction of another agency?

Landfill Closure and Postclosure Maintenance

Topic Votes
A. Closure and post-closure maintenance plan review process 11, 7, 7 = 25
B. Verification of cost estimates; coordination of financial assurances 1, 2, 3 = 6
C. Coordination with the RWQCB 2, 3, 5 = 10
D. Evaluation/determination of remaining site life capacity 5, 5, 5 = 15
E. Post closure land use, landfill subsidence 10, 7, 3 = 20
F. Landfill gas monitoring, control system design and assessment 4, 7, 8 = 19
G. The roles of CIWMB, RWQCB, and the LEA for completeness determination and approval 8, 6, 7 = 21
H. Disposal site cleanup 5, 7, 5 = 17

Comments

  • All aspects of landfill gas in detail, detail and more detail.
  • Post closure land use changes on pre-regulation site. Advanced landfill gas issues.

Postclosure Land Use

Topic Votes
A. Regulatory requirements 17, 6, 3 = 26
B. Roles of the various agencies 6, 7, 5 = 18
C. Local ordinances 1, 0, 3 = 4
D. Subdivision of disposal sites 3, 4, 3 = 10
E. Enforcement of subdivided sites 3, 2, 1 = 6
F. Determination of waste extent 0, 6, 2 = 8
G. Waste characteristics 0, 3, 0 = 3
H. Landfill gas migration, monitoring and control clean closure 5, 3, 8 = 16
I. Piling supported foundations 1, 4, 0 = 5
J. Disclosure & deed restrictions 2, 4, 5 = 11
K. Buffer zones 1, 1, 3 = 5
L. Case studies (the good, the bad and the ugly) 5, 3, 8 = 16
M. Open space applications 1, 0, 2 = 3

Comments

  • All of the above put into a Who, When, Where, What & Why plus the How added on.
  • Would also like to see training on proposed and existing landscaping/vegetation at pre-'89 closed sites.
  • How to determine when an activity is a land use change or consistent with existing land use. When does CEQA tie into LEA’s responsibility under Title 27 for closed sites? Too many choices in this section!
  • I would like to focus entirely on this topic as a theme for this year. as land become more in demand the lea is under more pressure for development on closed sites.
  • Again advanced landfill gas migration.
  • All the above subjects are important issues that I would like to have training on.
  • Also, I, B and G are important too. There is a critical need for training in this area. See comments below in next section on CIA sites.

Workshop Planning

What month, between now and June 2006, would be best to hold the workshop?

Month Votes
July 2005 0
August 2005 1
September 2005 4
October 2005 11
November 2005 4
December 2005 2
January 2006 0
February 2006 8
March 2006 1
April 2006 2
May 2006 2
June 2006 1

Closed, Illegal, and Abandoned Sites

Topic Votes
A. Using continuous gas monitoring equipment for structures near landfills 8, 1, 2 = 11
B. Designing and installing 27 CCR gas monitoring networks at legacy municipal disposal sites 3, 3, 2 = 8
C. Determining the horizontal and vertical extents of cover and waste at legacy MSW sites 7, 5, 3 = 15
D. Using trenching, drilling and direct push equipment 2, 2, 3 = 7
E. Health risk assessment for legacy MSW sites proposed for development 7, 7, 9 = 23
F. Using handheld GPS equipment in field investigations 3, 3, 4 = 10
G. Methods to determine location of former landfills and burn sites (i.e., aerial photos found in phase I office investigations, etc.) 4, 3, 4 = 11
H. Reducing inspection frequency for legacy MSW sites, AKA site investigations process (SIP) 7, 3, 2 = 12
I. Investigating illegal disposal sites - enforcement case studies 2, 10, 3 = 15
J. Post closure land use and tracking systems for CIA sites 1, 5, 8 = 14
K. Preparing field investigation work plans 1, 3, 3 = 7

Comments

  • Once again all the subjects above are of interest. Here in LA County the legacy landfills are being developed because land is so precious.
  • Help! This is a critical needs area for urban LEA's. As land prices go up, all of our closed sites are being built on, and we do not have the staff or expertise to always know what is the best system for a given site. We need to focus trainings on postclosure.

Health and Safety

Topic Votes
A. 8-hour annual health and safety field training 26, 1, 4 = 31
B. Personal inspector safety field seminar 6, 13, 11 = 30
C. Radiation safety field seminar 4, 5, 4 = 13
D. Asbestos awareness field seminar 0, 9, 10 = 19
E. Confined space field seminar 4, 3, 4 = 11
F. Landfill gas safety training field seminar  7, 15, 8 = 30

Comments

  • Annual training has always been great. What are the known health effects of periodic exposure to LFG?

Communication

Topic Votes
A. Dispute-resolution process 4, 9, 14 = 27
B. Conducting meetings or inspections under adversarial circumstances 21, 7, 8 = 36
C. Coordination with other agencies having jurisdiction at solid waste facilities 10, 8, 3 = 21
D. Coordinating timelines and state minimum standards with RWQCB staff 4, 9, 8 = 21
E. Effective communication skills during the exit interview process after an inspection 7, 11, 9 = 27

Comments

  • These topics are always good. New inspectors need it and more experienced inspectors can use a refresher.
  • Public hearings required under 1497.

Miscellaneous

Topic Votes
A. Preparing/maintaining enforcement program plans, including annual inventory and enumeration 17, 2, 3 = 22
B. Waste tire inspections 7, 3, 2 = 12
C. Employee health and safety at solid waste facilities--Cal-OSHA requirements 5, 6, 8 = 19
D. Illegal dumping 5, 8, 5 = 18
E. Landfill gas extraction systems, construction, and plan review 8, 7, 3 = 18
F. Environmental justice 3, 4, 2 = 9
G. Historical perspectives of the solid waste industry 0, 4, 4 = 8
H. Grants and grant writing 2, 6, 10 = 18
I. The complaint process and follow-up 1, 3, 6 = 10

No Comments

Top Three Training Needs

Topic First
Choice
Second
Choice
Third
Choice
Permitting 14 8 9
Inspections 12 14 3
Enforcement 6 10 7
CEQA 1 3 4
Landfill Closure and Postclosure Maintenance 6 4 9
Closed, Illegal, and Abandoned (CIA) Sites 7 3 10
Health and Safety: LEA 1 3 4
Communication 2 1 1
Miscellaneous 0 3 1

Preferred Training Formats

Training Format Votes
Workshop/lecture 47
Web-based training 20
Video tapes 11
Self-paced book/workbook 9
Computer-based training 17
One-on-one 12
Teleconferencing 5

Criteria Used to Select a Specific Training

Criteria Votes
Relevance to job 48
Commutable distance 37
SWANA/MOLO credit 7
Other 7

Comments: Other/Explain

  • Value
  • Work schedule conflicts
  • Must have at least 6 weeks lead time
  • When it occurs
  • Accessibility from Del Norte County
  • Cost (should be cost effective)
  • Training must be detailed. No introductory stuff
  • Distance

Survey Home Page

Last updated: August 4, 2005
LEA Training, http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/LEA/Training/
Martin Perez: Martin.Perez@calrecycle.ca.gov (916) 323-0834