California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle) 

LEA and Facility Operator Training

Results: 2006 Training Needs Survey

31 surveys received

This survey was taken of LEAs, solid waste facility operators and CIWMB staff. Responses tallied in order of highest priority (i.e. 2, 4, 6 = 12 where 2 is the number of responses for the highest priority, 4 is the number for the second highest priority, 6 is the number for the third highest priority and 12 is the total number of responses.

The top vote-getters in each category are highlighted in yellow.

Permitting

Topic Votes
A. The solid waste facility permit process and time frames 8, 3, 2 = 13
B. Reviewing application packages for completeness/correctness 3, 6, 2 = 11
C. Reviewing reports of facility information (e.g., joint technical documents, reports of disposal site information, transfer/processing reports) for 1) initial review and 2) amendment and processing review 4, 8, 3 = 15
D. Permit consistency with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) 3, 1, 4 = 8
E. Financial assurances/operating liability 2, 0, 0 = 2
F. Conformance findings-county integrated waste management plans 0, 1, 1 = 2
G. AB 1497 public hearing and construction, demolition and inert debris medium volume public hearings 1, 1, 2 = 4
H. Landfill permit application remaining capacity guidance 0, 5, 4 = 9
LEAs Only  
I. Writing permits 3, 2, 1 = 6
J. The process of reviewing and preparing permit packages for Board submittal 1, 4, 3 = 8
K. Completing five-year permit review reports 2, 0, 3 = 5
L. Processing/issuing tiered permits 3, 1, 1 = 5
M. Granting emergency waiver of standards (14 CCR, Art. 3, Section 17210, et seq.) and temporary waiver of terms (14 CCR, Art. 3.5, Sec. 18304, et seq.) 2, 1, 3 = 6

Comments

  • Haven't done this yet so all trainings are desired.

Inspections

Topic Votes
A. Landfill inspections 5, 7, 3 = 15
B. Transfer/processing operations/facilities inspections 8, 4, 8 = 20
C. Composting operations/facilities inspections 5, 3, 5 = 13
D. Closed facility/site inspections 1, 5, 4 = 10
LEAs Only  
E. Solid waste facility inspections with a focus on CIWMB-LEA consistency--compliance vs. violation vs. area of concern 6, 2, 2 = 10
F. Solid waste facility inspections with a focus on gaining compliance-educating/interacting with the operator and employees 1, 2, 0 = 3
G. How to fill out an inspection report 0, 1, 0 = 1
H. What to look for when inspecting operator records 2, 2, 2 = 6
I. Construction, demolition and inert debris (CDI) inspections-processing/disposal 2, 0, 2 = 4
J. Landfill gas (LFG) screening/monitoring for compliance with the LFG standards at active landfills 2, 2, 0 = 4
K. Inspector field training tour 0, 2, 4 = 6

Comments

  • Questions on what the philosophy of CIA sites is. How much enforcement vs. monitoring, etc. Also, process for dealing with landfill gas issues.

Enforcement

Topic Votes
A. Enforcement actions and follow-up 4, 5, 4 = 13
B. Writing and enforcing notice and orders 3, 2, 0 = 5
C. Evidence collection and case file preparation 1, 2, 2 = 5
D. Administrative civil penalties and fines 3, 4, 3 = 10
E. Enforcement actions for permit violations 5, 3, 4 = 12
LEAs Only  
F. Writing and enforcing notice and orders and interacting with legal (county/city counsel, DAs, etc.) 7, 1, 3 = 11
G. Processes involved for hearing panels and hearing officers 0, 3, 1 = 4
H. Investigative techniques and how to involve other agencies (e.g., Code Enforcement, Fish and Game, Regional Boards, etc.) in investigation and prosecution 2, 1, 1 = 4
I. Evidence collection and case file preparation 1, 0, 0 = 1
J. Administrative civil penalties and fines 0, 2, 4 = 6
K. Process involved for hearings and appeals 0, 2, 3 = 5

Comments

  • Again, haven't done much enforcement yet

California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA)

Topic Votes
A. Overview of the CEQA process 10. 5, 3, = 18
B. Understanding the relationship between the environmental document and the solid waste facility permit 12, 9, 10 = 31
C. When to use a categorical exemption or addendum 4, 4, 4 = 12
D. Coordinating with planning departments and other agencies 1, 6, 3 = 10
E. The roles and responsibilities of the LEA and the CIWMB in the CEQA process 5, 9, 8 = 22

Comments

  • A training to give LEAs understanding of the interaction between CEQA, Regional Water Quality Control Boards (RWQCB), Air Boards, etc.

Landfill Closure and Postclosure Maintenance

Topic Votes
A. Closure and post-closure maintenance plan review process 12, 8, 4 = 24
B. Verification of cost estimates; coordination of financial assurances 5, 3, 1 = 9
C. Coordination with the Regional Water Quality Control Board (RWQCB) 2, 2, 3 = 7
D. Evaluation/determination of remaining site life capacity 3, 3, 1 = 7
E. Postclosure land use, landfill subsidence 1, 3, 4 = 7
F. Landfill gas monitoring/control system design and assessment 2, 4, 8 = 14
G. The roles of CIWMB, RWQCB, and the LEA for completeness determination and approval 2, 6, 7 = 15
H. Disposal site cleanup 4, 2, 3 = 9

Comments

  • Still learning so I can't prioritize in an effective manner.

Closed, Illegal, and Abandoned (CIA) Sites

Topic Votes
A. Using continuous gas monitoring equipment for structures near landfills 2, 1, 0 = 3
B. Designing and installing 27 CCR gas monitoring networks at legacy municipal disposal sites 3, 5, 3 = 11
C. Determining the horizontal and vertical extents of cover and waste at legacy municipal solid waste (MSW) sites 3, 0, 2 = 5
D. Using trenching, drilling and direct push equipment 1, 1, 1 = 3
E. Health risk assessment for legacy MSW sites proposed for development 4, 8, 2 = 14
F. Using handheld global positioning system (GPS) equipment in field investigations 1, 2, 2 = 5
G. Methods to determine location of former landfills and burn sites (i.e., aerial photos found in phase I office investigations, etc.) 1, 5, 4 = 10
H. Reducing inspection frequency for legacy MSW sites, AKA site investigations process (SIP) 1, 2, 2 = 5
I. Investigating illegal disposal sites-enforcement case studies 3, 2, 3 = 8
J. Postclosure land use and tracking systems for CIA sites 5, 0, 1 = 6
K. Preparing field investigation work plans 3, 1, 4 = 8

Comments

  • LEA responsibility on approving postclosure land use at CIA sites.
  • We have lots of these. Much guidance for old Brownfield dumps, etc., is desirable.

Health and Safety

Topic Votes
A. Personal inspector safety field seminar 9, 3, 9 = 21
B. Radiation safety field seminar 2, 5, 1 = 8
C. Asbestos awareness field seminar 3, 0, 5 = 8
D. Confined space field seminar 6, 8, 1 = 15
E. Landfill gas safety training field seminar 0, 2, 2 = 4
F. Employee health and safety at solid waste facilities: Cal-OSHA requirements 7, 7, 3 = 17
G. Violence in the work place 4, 6, 2 = 12
LEAs Only  
H. 8-hour annual health and safety field training 3, 0, 3 = 6
Operators Only  
I. Health and safety for landfill operations personnel 0, 1, 2 = 3
J. Health and safety for transfer station personnel 0, 0, 2 = 2
K. Information on bloodborne pathogens 0, 1, 0 = 1

No Comments

Solid Waste Facility Management

Topic Votes
A. Load-checking 4, 1, 4 = 9
B. Electronics recycling 3, 2, 0 = 5
C. Compliance assistance 6, 3, 5 = 14
D. Emergency event 1, 3, 3 = 7
E. Personal protective equipment 0, 9, 7 = 16
F. Universal and electronic waste 8, 9, 6 = 23
G. Emergency disposal of animal carcasses 0, 1, 0 = 1
H. Management of landfill gas 8, 1, 2 = 11
Operators Only  
I. Managing transfer station systems 1, 0, 1 = 2
J. Managing composting systems 1, 0, 2 = 3
K. Managing construction and demolition debris 0, 1, 0 = 1
L. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) debris management 0, 0, 0 = 0
M. Leachate management/leachate generation, collection and treatment at MSW landfills 0, 0, 0 = 0
N. Groundwater issues 0, 0, 0 = 0
O. Landfill operational issues/manager of landfill operations 0, 0, 0 = 0
P. Principals of management in MSW systems 0, 0, 0 = 0
Q. How to avoid enforcement actions 0, 0, 0 = 0

Comments

  • Landfill gas-an issue I'd like to know more about. E-waste is another.

Communication

Topic Votes
A. Dispute-resolution process 5, 7, 4 = 16
B. Conducting meetings or inspections under adversarial circumstances 7, 5, 3 = 15
LEAs Only  
C. Coordination with other agencies having jurisdiction at solid waste facilities 3, 3, 3 = 9
D. Coordinating state minimum standards with RWQCB staff 3, 4, 1 = 8
E. Effective communication skills during the exit interview process after an inspection 2, 2, 1 = 5
F. Report writing 4, 2, 1 = 7
G. Inspection skills/investigative techniques 4, 4, 5 = 13

Comments

  • I'd love to learn more about RWQCB coordination.

Miscellaneous

Topic Votes
A. Preparing/maintaining enforcement program plans, including annual inventory and enumeration 7, 6, 1 = 14
B. Waste tire inspections 1, 1, 1 = 3
C. Landfill gas extraction systems, construction, and plan review 6, 3, 0 = 9
D. Environmental justice 0, 2, 2 = 4
E. Historical perspectives of the solid waste industry 0, 4, 1 = 5
F. Grants and grant writing 3, 2, 3 = 8
G. The complaint process and follow-up 3, 1, 3 = 7
H. Leadership skills for solid waste professionals 3, 6, 7 = 16
I. Data management 0, 1, 5 = 6

Comments

  • As a new member of our LEA I would like to see an entire day (or more) training devoted to bringing new members up to speed on basics and information needed to do the job-offered quarterly maybe?

Top Three Training Needs

Topic First
Choice
Second
Choice
Third
Choice
Total 8
Permitting 8 6 5 19
Inspections 8 5 2 15
Enforcement 1 5 7 13
CEQA 3 1 2 6
Landfill Closure and Postclosure Maintenance 2 1 4 7
Closed, Illegal, and Abandoned (CIA) Sites 2 2 2 6
Health and Safety: LEA 0 6 3 9
Solid Waste Facility Management 4 4 4 12
Communication 0 0 1 1
Miscellaneous 1 0 1 2

Preferred Training Formats

Training Format Votes
Web-based training 20
Video tapes/DVDs 7
Self-paced book/workbook 16
Computer-based training 16
One-on-one 16
Teleconferencing 10

Criteria Used to Select a Specific Training

Criteria Votes
Relevance to job 30
Commutable distance 20
SWANA/MOLO credit 3
Other 5

Survey Home Page

Last updated: June 26, 2007
LEA Training, http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/LEA/Training/
Martin Perez: Martin.Perez@calrecycle.ca.gov (916) 323-0834