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Article 1
General
Sections 17200-17201

Article 2
Purpose and Intent
Sections 17202-17206

Article 3
Emergency Waiver of Standards
Sections 17210-17210.9

Article 3.5
Temporary Waiver of Terms
Sections 17211-17211.9

Article 4
Definitions
Sections 17225-17225.74

Article 4.1
Waste Tire Program Definitions
Sections 17225.710-17225.820

Article 5
Solid Waste Storage and Removal Standards
Sections 17301-17345

Article 5.4
Waste Tire Monofill Regulatory Requirements
Sections 17346-17349

Article 5.5
Waste Tire Storage and Disposal Standards
Sections 17350-17356

Article 5.6
Nonhazardous Petroleum Contaminated Soil Operations and Facilities Regulatory Requirements
Sections 17360-17366

Article 5.7
Hazardous Waste Disposal Facilities Disposing Nonhazardous, Nonputrescible, Industrial Solid Waste Regulatory Requirements
Sections 17367-17370.2

Article 5.8
Nonhazardous Ash Regulatory Tier Requirements
Sections 17375-17379.1

Article 5.9
Construction and Demolition and Inert Debris Transfer/Processing Regulatory Requirements
Sections 17380-17381.1
Sections 17381.2-17383.5
Sections 17383.6-17386

Article 5.95
Construction and Demolition Waste and Inert Debris Disposal Regulatory Requirements
Sections 17387-17388.2
Sections 17388.3-17390

Article 6.0
Transfer/Processing Operations and Facilities Regulatory Requirements
Sections 17400-17405.0

Article 6.1
Siting and Design
Sections 17406.1-17406.2

Article 6.2
Operating Standards
Sections 17407.1-17413

Article 6.3
Record Keeping Requirements
Section 17414-17414.1

Article 6.35
Additional Operating Requirements for Facilities Only
Sections 17415.1-17419.2

Article 8
Agricultural Solid Waste Management Standards
Section 17801-17824

Regulations: Title 14, Natural Resources--Division 7, CIWMB

Chapter 3. Minimum Standards for Solid Waste Handling and Disposal

Article 5.9. Construction and Demolition and Inert Debris Transfer/Processing Regulatory Requirements

Section 17380. Authority and Scope.
(a) Article 5.9 sets forth permitting requirements, tier requirements, and minimum operating standards for operations and facilities that receive, store, handle, transfer, or process construction and demolition (C&D) debris and inert debris, as defined herein. C&D debris and inert debris are specific types of solid waste that present a different potential threat to public health and safety and the environment than typical municipal solid waste, thus, can be handled with different regulatory oversight. This Article places operations and facilities that handle C&D debris and inert debris into the board's tiers to provide appropriate regulatory oversight to protect public health and safety and the environment.

(b) This Article is not applicable to operations and facilities that are wholly governed by regulations elsewhere in this Chapter. Operations and facilities that receive, store, handle, transfer, or process construction and demolition debris or inert debris that is commingled with solid waste that does not meet the definition of C&D debris or inert debris shall be regulated as transfer/processing operations and facilities pursuant to Articles 6.0 through 6.5, inclusive, of this Chapter.

(c) This Article is adopted pursuant to and for the purpose of implementing the California Integrated Waste Management Act of 1989 (Act) commencing with section 40000 of the Public Resources Code (PRC), as amended. These regulations should be read together with the Act.

(d) Nothing in this Article limits or restricts the power of any Federal, State, or local agency to enforce any provision of law that it is authorized or required to enforce or administer, nor to limit or restrict local governments from promulgating laws which are as strict as or stricter than the regulations contained in this Article. However, no local government may promulgate laws which are inconsistent with the provisions of this Article.

(e) No provision in this Article shall be construed as relieving any owner, or operator from obtaining all required permits, licenses, or other clearances and complying with all orders, laws, regulations, reports, or other requirements of the other regulatory or enforcement agencies, including, but not limited to, local health agencies, Regional Water Quality Control Boards, Department of Toxic Substances Control, air quality management districts or air pollution control districts, local land use authorities, and fire authorities.

(f) No provision of this Article is intended to affect the rights or duties of any party to, or in any way influence the interpretation of, any franchise agreement between a local government and its franchisee, any other agreement among any parties, or any local ordinance with respect to any aspect of solid waste handling, including without limitation solid waste collection, transportation, processing, and storage, and solid waste disposal.

(g) This Article does not apply to persons who generate C&D debris or inert debris in the course of carrying out construction, remodeling, repair, demolition or deconstruction of buildings, roads and other structures (collectively, "construction work") at the site of the construction work or to persons who own the land, buildings or other structures that are the object of the construction work, provided that such persons do not accept at the site any C&D debris or inert debris that is generated at any other location, unless it will be used in the construction work, and provided further that such persons do not allow C&D debris or inert debris, other than C&D debris or inert debris that is used in the construction work, to remain on the site of the construction work after the construction work is completed. For example, public works agencies constructing roads and bridges, road repair, airport runway construction, bridge and roadway work, levee work, flood control work, or landslide debris cleanup, and public and private contractors demolishing or constructing buildings are not subject to these regulations during the course of the construction work.

Note:

Authority cited:
Sections 40502, 43020, and 43021 of the Public Resources Code.

Reference:
Sections 40053, 43020, and 43021 of the Public Resources Code.

Section 17380.1. Purpose.
(a) It is the board's intent in adopting this Article to encourage the recycling and reuse of C&D debris and inert debris that may otherwise be disposed in a solid waste disposal facility.

(b) These regulations are intended to provide a sufficient level of information and oversight to ensure that the receipt, storage, handling, transfer, and processing of C&D debris and inert debris will be conducted in a manner which meets the purposes of the Act while protecting public health, safety and the environment.

Note:

Authority cited:
Sections 40502, 43020, and 43021 of the Public Resources Code.

Reference:
Sections 40053, 43020, and 43021 of the Public Resources Code.

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Section 17381. Definitions.
For the purposes of this Article, the following definitions shall apply. Additional definitions and related provisions that apply to this Article are found in California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 14, Division 7, Chapter 3.0, Article 6.0, sections 17402 and 17402.5, and Article 4, section 17225 et seq.

(a) "Active Compost" as set forth in CCR, Title 14, Division 7, Chapter 3.1, Article 1, section 17852.

(b) "C&D" means Construction and Demolition debris.

(c) "CDI" means any combination of Construction and Demolition debris and Inert debris.

(d) "Compostable Material" means any organic material that when accumulated may become active compost.

(e) "Construction and Demolition Debris", or "C&D Debris" is solid waste that is a portion of the waste stream defined as "construction and demolition wastes," as defined in Section 17225.15 of Article 4 of this Chapter, and means source separated or separated for reuse solid waste and recyclable materials, including commingled and separated materials, that result from construction work, that are not hazardous, as defined in CCR, Title 22, section 66261.3 et seq., and that contain no more than 1% purtrescible wastes by volume calculated on a monthly basis and the putrescible wastes do not constitute a nuisance, as determined by the EA.

(1) C&D debris includes only the following items which meet the above criteria:

(A) components of the building or structure that is the subject of the construction work including, but not limited to, lumber and wood, gypsum wallboard, glass, metal, roofing material, tile, carpeting and floor coverings, window coverings, plastic pipe, concrete, fully cured asphalt, heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems and their components, lighting fixtures, appliances, equipment, furnishings, and fixtures;

(B) tools and building materials consumed or partially consumed in the course of the construction work including material generated at construction trailers, such as blueprints, plans, and other similar wastes;

(C) cardboard and other packaging materials derived from materials installed in or applied to the building or structure or from tools and equipment used in the course of the construction work; and

(D) plant materials resulting from construction work when commingled with dirt, rock, inert debris or C&D debris.

(2) C&D debris expressly excludes, commingled office recyclables and, except as provided in subdivision 17381(e) above, commingled commercial solid waste and commingled industrial solid waste as they are defined in Title 27, CCR section 20164.

(3) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Article, C&D debris includes material, whether or not from construction work, that is generally similar to C&D debris and that is separated for reuse, that is not hazardous, that contains no putrescible wastes and that can be processed without generating any residual, provided that the material is generated by an activity that is similar to, or is directly or indirectly related to, construction work, including without limitation: manufacturing materials for use in construction work, such as wood products, clay or ceramic products, plumbing systems, electrical equipment, metal work and HVAC systems.

(f) "Construction and Demolition Wood Mulch" or "Wood Mulch" means source separated wood waste that is not compostable material (C&D mulch feedstock), including that portion of C&D debris that is lumber or wood, which has been mechanically reduced in size. C&D mulch feedstock does not include food material, animal material, biosolids, mixed solid waste, chromated copper arsenate (CCA) pressure treated wood, wood containing lead-based paint, or mixed C&D debris.

(g) "Construction Work" means construction, remodeling, repair, demolition or deconstruction of buildings, other structures, roads, parking lots, and similar paved or covered surfaces.

(h) "Emergency Construction and Demolition/Inert Debris Processing Operation" means a site that is established due to a proclamation of a state of emergency or local emergency as provided in CCR, Title 14, Division 7, Chapter 3.0, Article 3, sections 17210.1(i) and (k).

(i) "Fully Cured Asphalt" means that the material must be at ambient temperature, be substantially hardened and be inelastic.

(j) "Handling" means the receipt, collection, transportation, storage, transfer, or processing of solid waste and recyclable materials.

(k) "Inert Debris" means solid waste and recyclable materials that are source separated or separated for reuse, do not contain hazardous waste (as defined in CCR, Title 22, section 66261.3 et seq.) or soluble pollutants at concentrations in excess of applicable water quality objectives and do not contain significant quantities of decomposable waste. Inert debris may not contain more than 1% putrescible wastes by volume calculated on a monthly basis and the putrescible wastes shall not constitute a nuisance, as determined by the EA. Gravel, rock, soil, sand and similar materials, whether processed or not, that have never been used in connection with any structure, development, or other human purpose are not inert debris and may commingled with inert debris.

(1) "Type A Inert debris" includes but is not limited to concrete (including fiberglass or steel reinforcing bar embedded in the concrete), fully cured asphalt, glass, fiberglass, asphalt or fiberglass roofing shingles, brick, slag, ceramics, plaster, clay and clay products. Type A inert debris is waste that does not contain soluble pollutants at concentrations in excess of water quality objectives and has not been treated in order to reduce pollutants. The board, upon consultation with the State Water Resources Control Board, will determine on a case by case basis whether materials not listed in this subdivision qualify as Type A inert debris.

(2) "Type B inert debris" is solid waste that is specifically determined to be inert by the applicable RWQCB, such as treated industrial wastes and de-watered bentonite-based drilling mud, but excluding Type A inert debris.

(l) "Inert Debris Engineered Fill Operation" means a disposal activity exceeding one year in duration in which fully cured asphalt, uncontaminated concrete (including steel reinforcing rods embedded in the concrete), brick, ceramics, clay and clay products, which may be mixed with rock and soil, are spread on land in lifts and compacted under controlled conditions to achieve a uniform and dense mass which is capable of supporting structural loading as necessary, and having other characteristics appropriate for an end use approved by all governmental agencies having jurisdiction (e.g., roads, building sites, or other improvements) where an engineered fill is required to facilitate productive use of the land. The engineered fill shall be constructed and compacted in accordance with all applicable laws and ordinances and shall be certified by a Civil Engineer, Certified Engineering Geologist, or similar professional licensed by the State of California.

(m) "Inert Debris Processing Facility" means a site that receives 1500 tons or more per operating day of any combination of Type A and Type B inert debris, or any amount of Type B inert debris, for storage, handling, transfer, or processing.

(n) "Inert Debris Type A Disposal Facility" means a site where only Type A inert debris is disposed to land. Inert debris Type A disposal facilities do not include inert debris engineered fill operations.

(o) "Inert Debris Type A Processing Operation" means a site that receives less than 1500 tons per operating day of only Type A inert debris for storage, handling, transfer, or processing.

(p) "Large Volume C&D Wood Debris Chipping and Grinding Facility" means a site that receives 500 tons per operating day or more of C&D mulch feedstock for purposes of processing it into C&D mulch.

(q) "Large Volume Construction and Demolition/Inert (CDI) Debris Processing Facility" means a site that receives 175 tons or more of any combination of C&D debris and Type A inert debris per operating day for the purposes of storage, handling, transfer, or processing.

(r) "Material Production Facility" means a facility that primarily handles raw materials to produce a new product that is a rock product operation (i.e., an "aggregate" operation), a hot mix asphalt plant, or a concrete, concrete product or a Portland cement product manufacturing facility.

(s) "Medium Volume C&D Wood Debris Chipping and Grinding Facility" means a site that receives at least 200 tons per operating day and less than 500 tons per operating day of C&D mulch feedstock for purposes of processing it into C&D mulch.

(t) "Medium Volume Construction and Demolition/Inert (CDI) Debris Processing Facility" means a site that receives at least 25 tons per operating day and less than 175 tons per operating day of any combination of C&D debris and Type A inert debris for the purposes of storage, handling, transfer, or processing.

(u) "Physical Contaminants" means human-made inert products contained within feedstocks, including, but not limited to, glass, metal, and plastic.

(v) "Processing" means controlled separation, recovery, volume reduction, or recycling of solid waste including, but not limited to, organized, manual, automated, or mechanical sorting; chipping, grinding, shredding or baling; the use of vehicles for spreading of waste for the purpose of recovery; and the use of conveyor belts, sorting lines or volume reduction equipment.

(w) "Putrescible Wastes" means solid wastes that are capable of being decomposed by micro-organisms with sufficient rapidity as to cause nuisances because of odors, vectors, gases, or other offensive conditions, and include materials such as, but not limited to food wastes, offal and dead animals. The EA shall determine on a case-by-case basis whether or not a site is handling putrescible wastes.

(x) "Residual" means the solid waste destined for disposal, further transfer/processing as defined in section 17402(a)(30) or (31) of Article 6.0, or transformation which remains after processing has taken place and is calculated in percent as the weight of residual divided by the total incoming weight of materials. Notwithstanding, for the purposes of this Article, "residual" excludes any inert debris that is destined for or disposed in an inert debris engineered fill operation. Further notwithstanding, for purposes of this Article, "further transfer/processing" does not include processing that occurs at a CDI recycling center or an inert debris recycling center, as described in Section 17381.1(a) of this Article, or at a recycling center as defined at Section 17402.5(d) of Article 6.0 of this Chapter.

(y) "Separated for Reuse" means materials, including commingled recyclables, that have been separated or kept separate from the solid waste stream for the purpose of additional sorting or processing those materials for recycling or reuse in order to return them to the economic mainstream in the form of raw material for new, reused, or reconstituted products which meet the quality standards necessary to be used in the marketplace, and includes materials that have been "source separated".

(z) "Site" means the area where the handling of solid waste and/or recyclable materials occurs at a recycling center, CDI debris processing operation or facility, inert debris processing operation or facility, or C&D wood debris chipping and grinding operation or facility.

(aa) "Site Restoration" means removing unprocessed or processed solid waste and recyclable material from the site to allow reuse of the property.

(bb) "Small Volume C&D Wood Debris Chipping and Grinding Operation" means a site that receives less than 200 tons per operating day of C&D mulch feedstock for purposes of processing it into C&D mulch.

(cc) "Small Volume Construction and Demolition/Inert (CDI) Debris Processing Operation" means a site that receives less than 25 tons of any combination of C&D debris and Type A inert debris per operating day for the purposes of storage, handling, transfer, or processing.

(dd) "Source Separated" means materials, including commingled recyclables, that have been separated or kept separate from the solid waste stream, at the point of generation, for the purpose of additional sorting or processing those materials for recycling or reuse in order to return them to the economic mainstream in the form of raw material for new, reused, or reconstituted products which meet the quality standards necessary to be used in the marketplace.

(ee) "Storage" means the holding or stockpiling of processed or unprocessed C&D debris, C&D mulch, inert debris or recyclable materials for a temporary period, at the end of which the material either is recycled or is transferred elsewhere. Storage of C&D debris, C&D mulch, inert debris or recyclable materials for periods exceeding the limits set in this Article is deemed to be disposal and shall be regulated as set forth in the Consolidated Regulations for Treatment, Storage, Processing or Disposal of Solid Waste (commencing at CCR, Title 27, Division 1, Subdivision 1, Chapter 1, Article 1, section 20005).

(ff) "Vector" includes any insect or other arthropod, rodent, or other animal capable of transmitting the causative agents of human disease.

Note:

Authority cited:
Sections 40502, 43020, and 43021 of the Public Resources Code.

Reference:
Sections 40053, 43020 and 43021 of the Public Resources Code.

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Section 17381.1. Activities That Are Not Subject to the Construction and Demolition/Inert Debris Regulatory Requirements.
(a) A site that receives only construction and demolition debris and inert debris (CDI) and which meets the requirements of this section shall be classified as a CDI recycling center. A site that receives only inert debris and which meets the requirements of this section shall be classified as an inert debris recycling center. CDI recycling centers and inert debris recycling centers shall not be subject to any other requirements of this Article except as specified in this section.

(1) The CDI debris that a CDI recycling center receives shall have been separated at the point of generation.

(A) For the purposes of this section, "separated at the point of generation" means that the material has been separated from the solid waste stream by the generator of that material or by a processor prior to receipt at a CDI recycling center and has not been commingled with other solid waste or recyclable materials. For example, each material type must be transferred in separate containers to the recycling center. Notwithstanding, cardboard, lumber and metal may be commingled in a single container.

(2) An inert debris recycling center shall receive only Type A inert debris that is source separated or separated for reuse. The inert debris may be commingled in a single container.

(b) CDI recycling centers and inert debris recycling shall meet the following requirements:

(1) The residual shall be less than 10% by weight of the amount of of debris received at the site, calculated on a monthly basis. Recycling center operators may report their residual percentage to the EA and the board on Form CIWMB 607 (see Appendix A).

(2) The amount of putrescible wastes in the the CDI debris received at the site shall be less than 1% by volume of the amount of debris received at the site, calculated on a monthly basis, and the putrescible wastes shall not constitute a nuisance, as determined by the EA.

(c) Chipping and grinding of any material, or the receipt of chipped and ground material, is prohibited at CDI recycling centers.

(d) The following storage time limits apply to CDI recycling centers:

(1) CDI debris stored for more than 30 days that has not been processed and sorted for resale or reuse shall be deemed to have been unlawfully disposed and therefore subject to enforcement action, including the use of a Notice and Order as provided in section 18304.

(2) CDI debris that has been processed and sorted for resale or reuse, but remains stored on site for more than one year, shall be deemed to have been unlawfully disposed and therefore subject to enforcement action, including the use of a Notice and Order as provided in section 18304.

(3) Storage time limits do not apply to CDI recycling centers where a financial assurance mechanism pursuant to section 17384(c) has been approved by the board.

(4) At the EA's discretion, storage time limits for sorted and processed materials may be extended to the time specified in a land use entitlement for the site that has an express time limit for the storage of materials.

(5) CDI recycling center storage time limits may be extended for a specified period, if the operator submits to the EA a storage plan as described in section 17384(b) and if the EA finds, on the basis of substantial evidence, that the additional time does not increase the potential harm to public health, safety and the environment. The EA may consult with other public agencies in making this determination. The extended storage term, any applicable conditions the EA imposes and the EA's findings shall be in writing.

(e) The following storage limits apply to inert debris recycling centers:

(1) Inert debris stored for more than 6 months that has not been processed and sorted for resale or reuse shall be deemed to have been unlawfully disposed and therefore subject to enforcement action, including the use of a Notice and Order as provided in section 18304.

(2) Inert debris that has been processed and sorted for resale, or reuse, but remains stored on site for more than 18 months, shall be deemed to have been unlawfully disposed and therefore subject to enforcement action, including the use of a Notice and Order as provided in section 18304.

(3) Storage time limits do not apply to Type A inert debris recycling centers which are located at an inert debris engineered fill operation, an inert debris Type A disposal facility, or at a material production facility.

(4) Storage time limits do not apply to Type A inert debris recycling centers where a financial assurance mechanism pursuant to section 17384(c) has been approved by the board.

(5) At the EA's discretion, storage time limits for sorted and processed materials may be extended to the time specified in a land use entitlement for the site that has an express time limit for the storage of materials.

(6) Inert debris recycling center storage limits may be extended for a specified period, if the operator submits to the EA a storage plan as described in section 17384(b) and if the EA finds, on the basis of substantial evidence, that the additional time does not increase the potential harm to public health, safety and the environment. The EA may consult with other public agencies in making this determination. The extended storage term, any applicable conditions the EA imposes and the EA's findings shall be in writing.

(f) Nothing in this section precludes the EA or the board from inspecting a site to verify that it is and has been operating in a manner that meets the requirements of this section, or from taking any appropriate enforcement action, including the use of a Notice and Order as provided in section 18304.

(g) In evaluating whether or not a particular site is in compliance with this section, the EA shall, among other things, do the following:

(1) If the EA has reason to believe that each load of debris received at a recycling center is not separated at the point of generation, is not source separated or is not separated for reuse, as applicable, or that the residual exceeds 10% of the total debris received per month, or that the amount of putrescible wastes exceeds 1% by volume of the total debris received per month, or material is being stored in excess of the applicable storage limits, or that the site is not in compliance with any other requirement in this section, the EA may require the owner or operator to provide evidence that the recycling center is in compliance. The burden of proof shall be on the owner and operator of the recycling center to demonstrate it is in compliance.

(2) At the time the EA requires a recycling center to provide evidence that it is in compliance with this section, the EA shall provide the owner and operator of the recycling center a written description of the information that has caused the EA to believe that the recycling center is not in compliance. Notwithstanding, the EA shall not be required to identify the name or other identifying information regarding any person(s) who has complained about the about the recycling center.

(h) Sites which do not meet the applicable requirements of this section do not qualify as recycling centers and shall comply with this Article and all laws and regulations applicable to them. The burden of proof shall be on the owner and operator of a site to demonstrate that the activities at the site are not subject to the requirements of this Article.

Note:

Authority cited:
Sections 40502, 43020, and 43021 of the Public Resources Code.

Reference:
Sections 40053, 43020, and 43021 of the Public Resources Code.

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Sections 17381.2-17383.5

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