Construction/Demolition and Inert Debris Tools and Resources
Calculations
Description of Materials  Approximate Pounds/Cubic Yard  Remarks 

Burn Dump Debris/Ash  8001000 15001800 2300 
Dry Loose Wet for Dust Suppression Wet mixed with soil 
Construction Debris, Asphalt or Concrete: Loose  2400  
Construction Debris, Wood ; Uncompacted  400  Increase up to 100% if compacted using heavy equipment 
Earth  2100 3000 
Loose/Dry. Plus 30% when compacted. Excavated/Wet 
Gravel or Crushed Stone Loose/Dry  2600  Increase 20% if wet 
Household Trash  800  
Liquid Waste  1600  202 gal./cubic yard ~ 7 Lbs./Gal. E.g. Antifreeze, Waste Oil, Solvent 
Metals, Uncompacted  600  e.g. Appliances, Metal Siding 
Sand, Loose/Dry  2400  Increase 20% if damp and 30% if wet/compacted 
Stone, Graded 8” max. Loose  2700  e.g. Gabion Construction. Increase 10% consolidated in place 
Tire Burn Ash  500800  
Tires, Auto and Pickup  220  Average 10 tires per cubic yard 
Tires, OTR  See Remarks  Average 500 pounds per tire 
Tires, Truck  480  Average 4 tires per cubic yard 
Vehicles, Auto and Pickup  See Remarks  Use 3000 Pounds/Vehicle 
Wood Chips, Shredded/Dry Wood Chips/Bark w/30% Soil  300 800 

Yard Waste (Vegetation) Loose  600 
Determination of Weights and Volumes of Onsite Materials
Volume
Pile volume can best be estimated by determining the area of the base and then multiplying by the average height of the pile. In many cases the base of a pile will resemble a rectangle where area is length times width (L x W). In other cases the pile may more closely resemble a triangle or other polygon. Use the appropriate geometry to calculate the base area. For average height, this usually must be estimated since often it is not prudent to climb a pile to get more exact height measurements. The height may be estimated by using a known reference (e.g., fellow inspector) for reference. Cubic yards can be determined by dividing cubic feet by 27. Depending upon the accuracy of the assumed measurements, the estimated volume could be within 1015 percent of the actual volume.
Weight
The weight (tonnage) of a pile is determined by multiplying the volume by the density. CalRecycle’s Solid Waste Cleanup Program has developed approximate pounds per cubic yard (lbs/cu yd) estimates for various materials. The actual density depends on the homogeneous nature (uniformity) of the pile in both void space and material type. Unless the entire pile can be visualized, it will be difficult to determine an accurate tonnage estimate. Please note that density values in the table are general (rough) estimates only and the actual density could be up to (or exceed) a factor of three (either larger or smaller) depending upon the actual density of the material.
Determination of maximum weights and volumes that can be received:
Tons permitted to be received per day x 30 days = Maximum amount on site at any one time
Helpful formulas:
___ feet high X ___ feet wide X ___ feet long = ___ cubic feet/27 cubic feet per cubic yard = ___ cubic yards
___ cubic yards X 27 cubic feet per cubic yard = ___ cubic feet = height X width X length
Example:
The pile is 20 feet high X 40 feet wide X 253.1 feet long. This equates to about 202,479 cubic feet/27 cubic feet per cubic yard = approximately 7500 cubic yards.
___ cubic yards X ___ pounds per cubic yard (waste conversion factor) = ____ pounds/2000 pounds per ton = ____ tons
___ tons X 2000 pounds per ton/pounds per cubic yard = ___ cubic yards X 27 cubic feet per cubic yard = height X width X length
Example:
7500 cubic yards of wood X 400 pounds per yard (unchipped wood debris) = 3,000,000 pounds/2000 pounds per ton = 1500 tons
Construction, http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/LEA/Training/
Melissa HooverHartwick: Melissa.HooverHartwick@calrecycle.ca.gov (916) 3416813