California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery (CalRecycle) 

Zero Waste

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Zero Waste Hierarchy

Listed from best use to worst use

  1. Reduce and conserve material: Refuse, return, reduce toxics, design out waste, reduce consumption and packaging.
  2. Encourage cyclical use of resources and shift incentives to stop wasting.
  3. Manufacturers design products for sustainability and take-back.
  4. Reuse: Retain value and function.
  5. Recycle: Inorganics and organics.
  6. Regulate disposal.

Adopted by Zero Waste International Alliance board, March 2013.

Last updated: October 4, 2017
Zero Waste,
Benjamin Johnson, (916) 323-1795