Total Number of Employees:
Explain who was included in this number and how this employee number was calculated:
Total number of employees includes State employees (1,379) as well as employees of auxiliary organizations (193) and grant-funded employees (682) functioning on campus. 2014 Employee counts were provided by HSU Human Resources, the University Center Business Office, and the HSU Sponsored Programs Foundation. These numbers represent individuals that are not students but are being paid for any amount of hours, by the State or auxiliary organizations or through grants.
Total Number of Non-employees:
Non-employee Population Type:
Explain who was included in this number and explain how this non-employee number
The student population comprises approximately 80% of the total campus population. The HSU Department of Institutional Research and Planning provided the total number of students enrolled for at least one unit of credit in 2014.
Total amount Disposed:
Total amount of Transformation:
Explain how the disposal number was calculated. Explain how the transformation number was determined (if applicable):
Disposal tonnage is based on actual weights (as reported on weight tags and receipts) from campus haulers (i.e., self-haul) and waste or construction contractors. All construction contractor and contracted waste hauler weights are tallied and added to direct haul quantities to identify the annual disposal total.
The 2014 disposal total is significantly higher than the 2013 total. In 2013, the University was participating in a food-waste diversion program and was thus able to remove the majority of pre- and post-consumer food waste from its MSW stream. The food-waste diversion program was suspended at the start of 2014, so the majority of food-waste and food-soiled paper generated on campus that year was disposed of as trash.
What types of waste are still thrown away (not reused, recycled, or composted)?
The University's solid waste stream is comprised of MSW (generated by students, faculty, staff and campus visitors) and construction & demolition (C&D) related material. The MSW stream is primarily comprised of food waste, compost-able and bio-plastic disposable containers, paper towels, plastic and foam packaging, and composite materials. Approximately 1/4 of the student population lives on campus and utilizes the campus waste system for their domestic MSW. We also continue to find a limited amount of recyclable materials in the MSW, but through education and deployment of additional recycling bins across campus we address this issue.
Similar to the last several years, the campus has continued to have major construction projects contribute to the overall waste stream. In fact, construction related debris comprised approximately 5% (by weight of the total waste stream) for 2014. C&D debris included contaminated lumber/plywood coated with materials making it unsuitable for recycling, shipping materials not locally recycled (e.g., shrink wrap and packing materials), and composite materials unsuitable for re-use and not locally recyclable, such as old mattresses, masonry, sheet rock, and asphalt shingles. Efforts to reduce construction waste are ongoing. This includes maintaining (and expanding when possible) a list of locally recyclable materials and their outlets, tightening contract language to mandate maximum recycling by contractors, and educating facilities maintenance staff and contractors on recycling options and responsibilities.
What difficulties or obstacles have you had with finding ways to reuse, recycle,
or compost these types of waste materials?
The University is located in a rural county (a population approximating 135,000 in 2014), and as such the county is afforded fewer recycling options and services compared to more metropolitan areas. We continue to be locally challenged to recycle certain materials (e.g., bed mattresses), and it is cost-prohibitive to transport certain materials out of county for recycling.
Improving the campus community's participation in recycling and composting is ongoing. The majority of the student population comes from parts of California where the recycling system is different than how it is practiced at HSU. Students receive targeted education in how and where to compost and recycle when they first come to campus. Even with education and outreach, however, we must battle apathy on the part of some students and staff, which can be especially challenging because there is no obvious cost or social incentive for them to reduce waste. The Sustainability Office therefore continues to work with HSU Housing & Dining Services, the Waste Reduction & Resource Awareness Program and other student groups to implement education and outreach campaigns throughout the year, designed to increase participation in composting and recycling efforts.