Permit Toolbox: Permit Types/Tiers
Full Solid Waste Facility Permits
This page provides information and resources for "full" solid waste facility permits.
- What is a full permit?
- Who needs a full permit?
- Processing requirements.
- Standards unique to the full permit tier.
- Resources (regulations, advisories, tools, forms, and links).
- Writing a Solid Waste Facility Permit (revised February 24, 2010)
Please note that other local, state, or federal agencies may also have regulatory authority over solid waste facilities. Also, all statutory citations refer to the California Code of Regulations (CCR) unless otherwise indicated.
Note: This page has been updated to reflect the Permit Implementation Regulations effective April 13, 2007. Newly inserted text is shown with a shaded background.
What is a full permit?
- "...no person shall operate a solid waste facility without a solid waste facilities permit..."
- "...any person who proposes to become an operator of a solid waste facility shall file with the enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the facility, or the board if there is no designated and certified enforcement agency, an application for a solid waste facilities permit..."
"Solid Waste Facility" includes a solid waste transfer or processing station, a composting facility, a transformation facility, and a disposal facility. Section 40194 of the PRC (Definitions)
Until CalRecycle's tiered regulatory structure became effective in 1994, there was a "one-size-fits-all" permit applied to all facilities. There are now five tiers, including the original "full" tier which provides the greatest level of review and oversight. Permit tiers include:
Also see the fact sheet, Who Needs a Permit.
The following types of facilities are currently required to obtain a full solid waste facilities permit prior to commencing operations:
- Solid waste landfills
- All compost facilities with feedstock other than green material (Title 14, Section 17854)
- Green Material Composting Facilities with more than 12,500 cubic yards of feedstock, compost, or chipped and ground material on-site at any one time (Title 14, Section 17857.1)
- Chipping and Grinding Operations handling more than 500 tons per day (Title 14, Section 17862.1)
- Large volume transfer/processing facilities (Title 14, Section 17403.7) receiving 100 tons or more of solid waste per operating day.
- Transformation (a.k.a. "waste to energy" or "co-generation") means incineration, pyrolysis, distillation, or biological conversion of mixed municipal waste (including biosolids). "Transformation" does not include composting, gasification, or biomass conversion (PRC Section 40201).
- Certain large-volume construction and demolition/inert debris facilities.
- Large-volume in-vessel digestion facilities that receive greater than 100 tons of solid waste per operating day or greater than 700 tons per week of solid waste for digestion in an in-vessel digester (Title 14, Section 17896.13).
See the Tiered Regulatory Placement Chart for a comprehensive list of facilities and operations that have been slotted into the permit tiers.
Full permit application processing requirements
The process and timelines for processing a full solid waste facility permit (SWFP) are described in:
- Public Resources Code (PRC) Sections 44001 - 44018 and
- California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 27, Chapter 4, Subchapter 3.
Operator and Applicant Filing Requirements
Also see the Full Permit Application and Permit Package Checklist ("The Laundry List").
Note: The application form needs to be updated to include "modified permit" as a type of application. Updating the application form, which is located in the Appendices of Title 27, will require the regulations to be amended in a separate new rulemaking that could take some time. In the meantime, to submit an application for a modified permit, applicants may change the CIWMB E-1-77 form before submitting it to the LEA by crossing out "revision" under "Part 1.C.2." of the form and writing in "Modification."
Local Enforcement Agency (LEA) Processing Requirements
A Solid Waste Facility Permit template/form is available for use by LEAs.
Note: Effective April 13, 2007, Title 27 Sections 21660.2 and 21660.3 require enforcement agencies to notice and conduct an informational meeting for all new and revised full solid waste facilities permit applications after accepting the application package as complete and correct and within 60 days of receipt of the application by the EA. Section 21660.3 also requires enforcement agencies to notice all modified full solid waste facilities permit applications after finding the permit application complete and correct and within 60 days of receipt of the application by the EA. [More...]
Public Participation Tools are now available on LEA Central to assist LEAs with the informational meeting component.California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery
Title 27, Section 21685 identifies the roll of CalRecycle for final review and concurrence in, or objection to, the issuance of the permit.
Permit requirements unique to the full permit tier
- The full permit application process is described in Title 27 of the California Code of Regulations (CCR) rather than Title 14 for other tiers.
- Full permits contain site-specific LEA (or EA) terms and conditions (rather than standardized conditions for other tiers).
- The application submittal package ("laundry list") requires more information.
- The review/processing timelines are longer.
- Certain insignificant changes can sometimes be approved through an RFI amendment
The Permit Task/Tiers Chart illustrates the major differences between the full, standardized, registration, and notification permit tiers.
- LEA Guidance: Owner/Operator Change Processing Procedures
- Full permit application and permit submittal checklist ("laundry list")
- Writing a solid waste facility permit (revised February 24, 2010)
- Full permit LEA tasks and timelines
- Full permit process flowchart
- Application for New or Revised Full Permit, Permit Review, and RFI Amendment (Form E-177)
- Answers to questions about completing the full permit application form E-177
- Solid Waste Facility Permit Template/Form
- Permit Application Review Chart (A tool that lets you compare site parameters in the various elements of the permit package)
- Examples of issued permits
- Who Needs a Permit (Fact Sheet)
- Permit Tier/Task Chart (Which types if permits require which types of documentation?)
- Permit Tier Placement Chart (Which types of facilities require which type of permit?)
- List of other local, state, or federal agencies which may regulate solid waste facilities.
- Complete and Correct
- Writing a Solid Waste Facility Permit
Permit Toolbox, http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/SWFacilities/Permitting/
Kevin Taylor: Kevin.Taylor@calrecycle.ca.gov (916) 341-6582